As human, we are created with natural lens; this lens allows light rays into the eyes then sending clear images to the retina, helping us to see clearly. The lens must always be clear. When the protein in one’s eyes begins to break down (i.e., form clumps), it stops the lens from sending enough light to retina which in turn can’t form clear images then cataract is said to be developing. This will produce blurry, foggy images/visions.
The cataract develops slowly and it affects one’s vision as it develops. Even though both eyes are likely to develop cataracts, the cataracts won’t develop at the same time. Cataracts is found mostly among the aged.
How do Cataract Come to be?
Our lens majorly contains water and proteins. When these proteins begin to break down, they stay around the corner of the eye. The protein deposited at the corner of the eyes begin to make the lens cloudy and making seeing difficult. There are several other reasons why a person can develop cataracts. They are written below There are several underlying causes of cataracts. These include:
• Having a family history of cataract.
• Indulging in smoking and/or heavy alcohol drinking.
• Leaving in an environment that has bad air population.
• Exposing the eye to too much sunlight.
• Abuse usage and inappropriate use of steroids and other medications. he long-term use of steroids and other medications
• Having certain diseases like diabetes certain diseases, such as diabetes
• Having an eye injury or surgery.
• Radiation therapy
How to know one is having cataracts?
Once you begin to feel the following, you should know that cataract is by the corner. Some of the things you will notice is that: Common symptoms of cataracts include:
• Your vision begins to become blurry.
• You will be having difficulty seeing at night.
• Colors begins to look faded.
• You begin to see Halo around lights (glare) especially when driving at night. increased sensitivity to glare
• You begin to need brighter light before you can read.
• Your vision begins to double especially for the eye that is affected. double vision in the affected eye
• You begin to change your glasses prescription frequently; you begin to become more near sighted.
Forms of Cataracts
There are different forms of cataracts. These different forms are classified based on how the cataracts develop and where they do develop in the eye.
• The cataract that forms in the in the middle of the lens thus making the nucleus yellow or brown is called the Nuclear cataract.
• The cataract that forms at the edge of the nucleus or lens is called Cortical cataracts.
• The cataract that forms at the back of the lens is called the Posterior capsular cataract; it forms faster than the other types of cataract mentioned above.
• Secondary cataracts: these are caused by disease or medications. The diseases that tend to form cataract in the eye are glaucoma and diabetes. Using steroids prednisone can sometimes lead to cataracts.
• Traumatic cataracts: this kind of cataract develops after an injury to the eye or a surgery has been done to the eye. It might take several years before it can occur.
• Radiation cataracts is formed when one undergoes radiation treatment for cancer.
Treatment of Cataracts
Undergoing surgery is the best way of treating cataract. In case you don’t want to do surgery, you can use stronger eyeglasses, or magnifying lenses, or sunglasses that have anti-glare coating.
You can also give our Clear Vision a try, it works effectively for Cataract an other eye problem.
Glaucoma is a set of condition that that talks about the damage that affects the optic nerve that is mainly caused by elevated pressure in the eye. Once it is neither treated well nor treated at all, it can lead to blindness. It is often caused by too much pressure either in one eye, or the two eyes but it is possible to have normal level of pressure in the eye and still have glaucoma.
It is only an Optometrist or Ophthalmologist that can spot glaucoma’s early signs. They can help to begin glaucoma treatment before it results into vision loss.
Once one is diagnosed with high eye pressure or the early signs of glaucoma, the best to do is to do routine check-ups and quick glaucoma treatment so as to either prevent or slow vision loss. The least you should do is panic.
Causes of Glaucoma
As stated earlier, when the pressure in the eye is higher than normal, Glaucoma occurs. A quick discussion on the eye anatomy will help us understand how glaucoma comes to be.
There is a clear fluid in the front of the eye that is called Aqueous Humor, this nourishes the tissues inside the eye and it ensures the eye maintains its normal shape. The Ciliary Body (found at the back of the iris) constantly produces the Aqueous Humor. The Aqueous Humor is drained from the eye through a mesh-like tube called Trabecular Meshwork. This located at the angle where Cornea and Iris meet inside the eye.
Intraocular Pressure (IOP) is the balance between Aqueous Humor produced and the amount that us drained through the Drainage Angle. Once the Drainage Angle is clogged, the Aqueous Humor can’t drain fast enough thus making the IOP increase beyond normal, this will birth glaucoma.
• Underlying conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure
• Regular use of certain medications, including steroids
• Thin corneas
• When one’s eye condition is either too nearsighted or farsighted
• Being over age 60
Sometimes, it doesn’t have a definite cause.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
The symptoms vary on the severity and type of glaucoma. Routine eye check-up is needed to help detect glaucoma early. Some general symptoms includes:
• Eye pressure is elevated
• Blurry vision
• Eye pain
• Blind spots in your eyes
• Eye Redness
• Cloudy eyes
Types of Glaucoma
Several types of Glaucoma exist, they include:
• Open-angle glaucoma:It is also known as thePrimary Open-Angle Glaucoma(POAG). This form is very common. The drainage is not clogged, but the Aqueous Humor doesn’t drain as fast as it is meant to.
• Angle-closure glaucoma:It is also called aClosed-Angle Glaucoma. It is a rare type of glaucoma. It occurs when the iris bends forward thus cutting off the drainage angle completely. It can have sudden appearances and can cause severe pain and nausea.
• Secondary glaucoma: This occurs when another eye condition or injury causes the glaucoma. It can either be open-angle or angle-closure glaucoma.
• Developmental glaucoma: Also called congenital glaucoma, childhood glaucoma, or pediatric glaucoma,
Test & Diagnosis of Glaucoma
During a comprehensive eye exam, your eye doctor will perform a number of tests to determine if you have glaucoma or are at risk for the disease.
One of these tests checks the pressure inside your eyes, or IOP. This is called tonometry. Many people (even some eye care professionals) may call this the “glaucoma test,” but in fact, your IOP measurement is just one factor in determining your risk of glaucoma.
Tonometry testing is a quick, painless, and important part of your routine eye exams.
There are two basic types of tonometry tests to check your IOP:
Treatment of Glaucoma
Maragbafin Clear Vision also works for glaucoma and consistent use of the herb births changes.