Everything You Need To Know About Cyst

What is Cyst?

cyst is a structure on the skin that looks like a closed like sac, it is not a normal part of the tissue where it is seen. It is membranous tissue that contains fluid, air, or other kinds of substances. Often, they look more like blisters. The sac is filled with pus.

Cyst occurs anywhere and to anyone regards of age, background, religion, skin colour. They can be so tiny that can only be seen under a microscope; be so large that they displace normal organs and tissues; they vary in size. Often, most Cysts are asymptomatic and have no signs to indicate their development. 

Causes of Cyst

Many things cause the formation of a cyst. The major ones are:

Genetic conditions.
Cellular defects.
Chronic inflammatory conditions.
Errors in embryonic development.
Blockages of ducts in the body.

Types of Cyst


There are several types of Cyst, but I will be writing about a few of them

1. Epidermoid Cyst: these are small, benign (not harmful) bumps filled with protein keratin (yellowish sebum). They lead to swelling of the skin. 
2. Sebaceous Cyst: this is the type of cyst that occurs on the skin, face, scalp, scrotum or back. They are filled with sebum. They often form within the sebaceous gland which is part of the skin and hair follicles. The sebaceous gland provides oil for your skin, if it gets blocked or ruptured, it can lead to a sebaceous cyst.
3. Breast Cyst: when fluid gather around your breast glands. It is likely a benign cyst develop around your breast. They either cause pain or tenderness in the affected region. They must be well examined to ensure that they are benign cysts and not another kind of growth. They usually occur during the menstrual cycle and often disappear on their own. They most occur to women who are in their 30s and 40s.
4. Ganglion Cyst: occurs most times along a tendon sheath near the joint. They form around the joint area around your wrist or hand and can develop around your feet and ankles as well. They are harmless and the reason for formation is unknown. It is common in women than men.
5. Pilonidal Cyst: these forms at the top part of the buttocks (tailbone or lower back). They are filled with hair, body oils, skin debris etc. They are caused when loose hair is embedded in your skin. When it is chronic, they increase the risk of skin cancer that is called Squamous cell carcinoma. They can grow in a cluster thus creating a cavity or hole in the skin. They are also called jeep driver’s diseases.
6. Ovarian Cyst: this form when the follicle meant to release the egg does not open causing fluid build-up and forming a cyst. It can also be that the follicle releases the egg then closes improperly and collects fluid. It is common in women that have a regular period. It forms during ovulation. They cause no symptoms. If they occur after menopause, they increase the risk of cancer.

These are the remaining types of Cyst

1. Pilar Cyst
2. Mucous Cyst
3. Perineural (Tarlov) Cyst
4. Cystic Acne 
5. Baker Cyst 
6. Branchial Cyst

Symptoms of Cyst

Most of the small Cyst don’t show symptoms or signs of development as mentioned earlier, even at this some of them can very painful. The cysts that are associated with the internal organs might not show any sign if they are small, but if they are large and they if they compress or displace other organs or if they block the normal flow of fluid in the tissue like the pancreas, liver or another organ, then pain is inevitable and other symptoms that are related to those organs may develop.

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Weightloss To The Rescue: Obesity

What is obesity and overweight?

The word ‘Overweight’ can be used in two different ways. Sometimes it is referred to someone who is heavy. Other times, it is used when a someone is in between normal weight and obesity. Overweight and obesity can be defined as the accumulation of excessive or abnormal fat that may likely affects one’s health.

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height used commonly to differentiate between overweight and obesity in adults. It can be defined as the weight of a person in kilograms divided by the square of the person’s height in meters (kg/m2). For an overweighed person, the BMI is 25 or above. An obese person, the BMI is 30 or above.

Causes of obesity and overweight


The main cause of obesity and overweight is when the energy between the calories consumed and the calories expended is imbalanced. On a global level, there has been:

an increase in the intake of energy-dense foods thatgives high fat and sugars; and
an increase in the rate of physical inactivity because of the increase in sedentary nature of the different types of work, different modes of transportation and increase in urbanization.
lack of supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transport, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing, and education.

Common health consequences for overweight and obese people includes:

An increase in BMI is a one of the major risk factors for some noncommunicable diseases like:

heart disease and/or stroke (cardiovascular diseases);
musculoskeletal disorders (majorly osteoarthritis – a disease that disables and degenerate the joints);
some cancers this includes breast, endometrial, ovarian prostrate, gallbladder, colon and kidney.

The higher the BMI, the higher the risk of having these noncommunicable diseases.

Children with obesity have higher chance of having breathing difficulties, fractures, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, disability, psychological effects, andmay even die prematurely.

Also, double-burden of malnutrition which occurs majorly in low-income and middle-income countries also causes overweight and obesity.

These countries deal with infectious disease and undernutrition, while the issue of noncommunicable disease like obesity and overweight is growing rapidly under their nose.
Most places where undernutrition exist, obesity also exist.

Children in most low- and middle-income countries face the issue of malnutrition especially during pre-natal, infancy, and young childhood. These children eat meals that have high fat, sugar, salt, energy-dense, and micronutrient-poor foods which are lower in cost and nutrient quality. Compound with this, they tend to engage in low physical activity thus increasing childhood obesity.

Ways of reducing Obesity and Overweight

Overweight and obesity, and other noncommunicable diseases, can be prevented. When an individual has a Supportive environment and community, the person’s choice will be better shaped and they will make better choice when it comes diet, and physical activity thereby preventing overweight and obesity.

At the individual level, people can:

• limit energy intake from total fats and sugars;
increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts; and
engage in regular physical activity (60 minutes a day for children and 150 minutes spread through the week for adults).

The food industry can be of help by sensitizing the important role healthy diets plays and doing the following;

reducing the amount fat, sugar and salt in processed foods;
ensuring healthy and nutritious choices are affordable and available to everyone. that healthy and nutritious choices are available and affordable to all consumers;
stop the marketing of foods that are high in sugars, salt and fats, majorly the ones that are for children and teenagers, and
supporting people exercising regularly in workplaceand at home.

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