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Fibroids: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


Fibroids, these are tumors which are made of connective tissues that are fibrous, but are smooth muscle cells. They can also be said to be abnormal growth developed either inside the woman uterus or on the uterus. It is also known as Leiomyomas, Myomas, Uterine Myomas, Fibromas.

About 70 to 80 percent of women develop fibroids during their lifetime, though not everyone will develop symptoms or require treatment.

One important characteristic of fibroid is that they are almost always benign or non-cancerous. Fibroids grow at different rates, according to broad studies, even when a woman has more than one. They can range from the size of a pea to the size of a watermelon.

Other important facts about fibroids includes that fibroids are the most common tumor of the reproductive tract. They are common from age 30 to the age when menopause begin.

Causes of fibroid

The main cause of fibroid is not known, but studies have shown and demonstrated there may be a genetic trigger. There is no definite external exposure that a woman can have that causes her to develop fibroids.


It remains unclear exactly what causes fibroids. Their developments may be linked with the person’s estrogen levels. During a person’s reproductive years, estrogen and progesterone levels are higher. When the estrogen levels are high, especially during pregnancy, fibroids tend to swell.

Family history

Fibroids may run in the family. If your mother, sister, or grandmother has a history of this condition, you may develop it as well.


Pregnancy increases the production of estrogen and progesterone in your body. Fibroids may develop and grow rapidly while you’re pregnant.

Symptoms of fibroids

This can also be classified as signs and symptoms of fibroids. They include:

1. Heavy vaginal bleeding

2. Pelvic discomfort

3. Pelvic pain

4. Bladder problems

5. Low back pain

6. Rectal pressure

7. Discomfort or pain with sexual intercourse

Types of fibroids


There are four main types of fibroids

1. Intramural fibroids: they are the commonest type of fibroid. This appears in the muscular wall of the uterus. They have the tendency to grow large and stretch the womb.

2. Subserosal fibroids: This grows outside of the uterus. They arelikely to grow large enough to make one side of the womb look larger than another side.

3. Pedunculated fibroids: forms when the subserosal fibroids develops a stem i.e., a slender base supporting the tumor. When this happens, a pedunculated fibroid grows.

4. Submucosal fibroids: are the least common type of fibroid. Submucosal fibroids grow in the myometrium, or middle layer of the muscle in the uterus.

Diagnosis of Fibroids

The following tests helps a doctor detect fibroids

1. Ultrasound (High frequency sound waves) Scans: this is done by either inserting a small ultrasound probe into the vagina or creating ultrasound images by scanning over the abdomen. Both approaches many be essential in detecting fibroids.
2. MRI scans: this is done to determine the size and number of fibroids.
3. Hysteroscopy: in hysteroscopy, a small device with camera attached to its end is used to examine the inside of the uterus. This is done by inserting the device into through vagina into the uterus via the cervix. A biopsy (i.e., aa tissue sample) can be taken to test for cancerous test.
4. Laparoscopy: a small lighted tube is inserted into a small incision in the abdomen to examine the outside of the uterus and surrounding structures. It is possible a biopsy is taken for test.
5. Hyster-o-sonogram: a small catheter is placed inside the uterus, then water is injected while ultrasound images are taken simultaneously. This test helps to confirm if there is a presence of uterine polyps or intracavity fibroids which van cause bleeding.
6. Hyster-o-salpingogram (HSG): this is used for women having difficulty getting pregnant. It checks the fallopian tubes and the inside of the uterus or uterine cavity. A small tube is placed inside the uterus, a special dye is slowly injected for contrast, then X-ray is taken.


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